Prof Gavril Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992) was a doctor working in Kurgan Siberia of erstwhile USSR. He was not trained as an orthopedic surgeon but he faced a wide variety of orthopedic problems like nonunions, infected nonunions, limb lengthening and complex deformity correction. In those primitive conditions in 1950s he devised and developed a circular external fixator and his research led him to the techniques of bone lengthening. The theory is known as “tension stress or distraction histiogenesis. In simple words when a tissue is stretched in controlled manner new tissue like bone, muscle, artery and nerve is formed. He was a self taught orthopedic surgeon who created a magical principle which has revolutionized the treatment of non unions infected non unions and limb lengthening.
Prof Ilizarov’s methods were introduced to the west by an Italian doctor, Prof A Bianchi-Maiocchi in 1961, after he came to know about the successful treatment of infected nonunion of an Olympic high jump champion Valery Brummel.
Technique and Technology
Indications of Ilizarov surgery
Post operative pain
Post operative care
Removal of frame.
Complications of Ilizarov
Complication due to method or technique may become apparent soon after the surgery is performed. However some may develop late during the course of treatment. Correction of some complications may require the patient to be readmitted to the hospital because procedures must be performed that may require anesthesia.
List of Complications of
Specific complications related to technique
Late iatrogenic complications
THIS MATERIAL DOES NOT CONSTITUTE MEDICAL ADVICE. IT IS INTENDED FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. PLEASE CONSULT A PHYSICIAN FOR SPECIFIC TREATMENT RECOMMENDATIONS